Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:275 issue:49 pages:38842-38847
Lymphoma proprotein convertase (LPC) is a subtilisin-like serine protease of the mammalian proprotein convertase family. It is synthesized as an inactive precursor protein, and propeptide cleavage occurs via intramolecular cleavage in the endoplasmic reticulum. In contrast to other convertases like furin and proprotein convertase-1, propeptide cleavage occurs slowly, Also, both a glycosylated and an unglycosylated precursor are detected. Here we demonstrate that the unglycosylated precursor form of LPC is localized in the cytosol due to the absence of a signal peptide. Using a reducible cross-linker, we found that glycosylated pro-LPC is associated with the molecular chaperone BiP. In addition, we show that pro-LPC is prone to aggregation and forms large complexes linked via interchain disulfide bonds. BiP is associated mainly with non-aggregated pro-LPC and pro-LPC dimers and trimers, suggesting that BiP prevents aggregation. Overexpression of wild-type Dip or a dominant-negative BiP ATPase mutant resulted in reduced processing of pro-LPC. Taken together, these results suggest that binding of BiP to pro-LPC prevents aggregation, but results in slower maturation.