European journal of ophthalmology vol:14 issue:5 pages:387-93
PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness of non-mydriatic fundus camera (NMFu-camera) and frequency doubling perimeter (FDP) for detecting glaucoma in a general population. METHODS: This prospective observational multicenter study consisted in screening for glaucoma in the populations of three Belgian cities. Intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured with non-contact pneumo-tonometer (NCT) and applanation tonometry (AT) if NCT IOP was > or = 17 mmHg. Visual field was screened with FDP (C-20-5) and digitized optic disc photographs (ODPs) were taken with NMFu-camera. FDP was considered abnormal if at least one defective point was found. ODPs were graded as normal or glaucomatous by consensus of three glaucoma specialists. Optic disc and visual field results were matched per eye. Subjects with known ocular hypertension and/or treated primary open angle glaucoma were excluded from the analysis. RESULTS: A total of 1620 subjects were included in the study. Their mean age was 63.2 years. AT IOP was > 21 mmHg in 8.2%. A total of 98.1% of ODPs could be interpreted. Glaucomatous optic discs were detected in 3.5% of the subjects. In this group only 24% had an AT IOP > or = 22 mmHg. FDP was abnormal in 44.5%. The sensitivity and specificity of FDP to identify patients with an optic disc graded as glaucomatous were 58.6% and 64.3% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The combined use of the NMFu-camera and the FDP is a feasible method for an initial glaucoma mass screening. NMFu-camera may be a useful and quick method to screen for glaucomatous damage in a community. FDP in screening strategy was revealed to be not sensitive enough when setting the cut-off value at one defective test location. IOP measurements were confirmed to be a poor tool to detect glaucomatous damage.