We studied the functional neuroanatomy of attention to speed of motion using functional magnetic resonance imaging in eight healthy subjects, who performed a speed discrimination (SID) task using a random textured pattern moving at a reference speed of 6 deg/s. During the control condition (DIM), with retinal stimulation identical to that during SID, subjects detected the dimming of the central fixation point. Attention to speed (SID compared to DIM) activated mainly ventral V3 and V4, dorsal V3 and V3A. Compared to a fixation control condition, speed discrimination recruited a large visuomotor network, including hMT/V5+. However, hMT/V5+ was only marginally more active during speed discrimination than during dimming detection. Thus hMT/V5+ is involved in speed discrimination, in line with the speed discrimination impairments following hMT/V5+ lesions, but our results suggest that this activity simply reflects the processing of motion rather than attention to speed. Manipulating the difficulty of the speed discrimination task over a large range of the psychometric curve revealed that increasing difficulty linearly increases activity in right frontal regions, as well as in lateral occipital and dorsal parietal regions. A weak effect of difficulty was also observed in dorsal V3.