Experience with dichotic multiple-stimulus auditory steady-state responses (ASSRs) in clinical practice is described. ASSR thresholds were assessed in a sample of 60 high-risk newborns and young children between birth and 4 years of age. Amplitudes and signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) of the ASSR were compared between normal-hearing infants and adults. Age-related changes within a group of infants younger than 3 months of age were investigated. A comparison was made between ASSR, the click-evoked auditory brainstem response and behavioral hearing thresholds in infants with a wide range of hearing threshold levels. Mean ASSR thresholds for normal-hearing infants at an average corrected age of 12 days were 42 +/- 10, 35 +/- 10, 32 +/- 10 and 36 +/- 9 dB SPL for 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 kHz, respectively. Compared to adults, these thresholds were elevated by on average 11 dB and SNRs were 1.7 times smaller. However, based on ASSRs, reasonably accurate estimations could be made of behavioral hearing thresholds obtained at a later age (median delay of 7 months). The predicted thresholds were in 61% of the cases within 10 dB of the corresponding behavioral thresholds, and in 83% of the cases within 15 dB. In less than 1 h, thresholds at four frequencies per ear could be obtained. The optimal age of testing is between 1 week and 3 months corrected age. The dichotic multiple-stimulus ASSR technique is a valuable extension of the clinical test battery for hearing-impaired children, as a follow-up diagnostic after the neonatal hearing screening.