Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry vol:52 issue:26 pages:7950-7956
Water-extractable arabinoxylan (WE-AX) of variable molecular weight (MW) and water-unextractable arabinoxylan (WU-AX) were added to wheat flour to study their effect on gluten agglomeration in a dough and batter gluten-starch separation process with recovery of gluten from the batter with a set of vibrating sieves (400, 250, and 125 mum). Low MW WE-AX had almost no impact on the distribution of the gluten on the different sieves. High MW WE-AX decreased yields of the largest (400 mum sieve) gluten aggregates, more than their medium MW counterparts, indicating the importance of AX MW for their effect on gluten interactions. Correlations between the total level of gluten protein recovered on the three sieves and the batter extract viscosity as well as between the proportion of gluten protein recovered on the 400 mum sieve to that on the three sieves and the batter extract viscosity pointed to the importance of viscosity as an indicator for gluten agglomeration, as did the fact that another viscosity increasing plant polysaccharide (guar gum) also negatively influenced gluten agglomeration. However, the obtained data cannot rule out that AX and guar gum also exert steric effects on gluten agglomeration. WU-AX, present as discrete cell wall fragments, had a negative impact on the level of large gluten aggregates. Taken together, the results show that both native WE-AX and WU-AX detrimentally impact gluten agglomeration.