Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry vol:52 issue:9 pages:2671-2680
The alkali extractable (AE) arabinoxylans from two rye flours differing in baking quality were studied following sequential extraction of water-unextractable and starch-free rye flour residue with saturated barium hydroxide solution, water and 1 M sodium hydroxide solution (Ba, BaH, and Na, respectively), and further fractionation of isolated fractions by ammonium sulfate precipitation. H-1 NMR and sugar analyses of AE subfractions provided evidence for the presence of lowly branched arabinoxylans (average arabinose-to-xylose ratio, Ara/Xyl similar to 0.5), containing mainly un- and monosubstituted xylopyranosyl residues (Xylp) in the chain. The proportion of this subfraction decreased from 50% in the Ba fraction to 35 and 17% in the Na and BaH fractions, respectively. Other subfractions, rich in both mono- and disubstituted Xylp, represented arabinoxylan populations with intermediate (Ara/Xyl similar to 0.8) and high substitution degree (Ara/Xyl similar to 1.1). The Ba and Na fractions contained phenolic compounds, whereas they were absent in the BaH fraction. The higher ratio of such phenolic compounds to arabinose (PhC/Ara) found in AE arabinoxylans from rye flour of inferior baking quality was one of the most pronounced differences between arabinoxylan populations from rye flours with high and low baking quality. The arabinoxylans from rye flour of high baking quality present in Ba and Na fractions had slightly higher apparent molecular weights (MWs) when compared to those from rye flour with low baking quality. The arabinoxylans present in the BaH fractions, characterized by the highest MWs, had similar Ms.