A 22-year-old male patient of Indian origin presented with generalized seizures. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed two cystic lesions. Extensive screening only revealed positive skin tests for tuberculosis. Immunoassays for cysticerosis were negative in serum and cerebrospinal fluid. Biopsy of the temporal lesion revealed a cysticercus. Although neurocysticercosis is a common cause of seizures in patients from countries where cysticercosis is endemic, the diagnosis can be difficult in a patient with evidence of multiple infections or in whom serological evidence is lacking, as is illustrated by the present case. Furthermore, because the pathogenic factors determining the activity of the disease are poorly understood, its management represents a similar problem as it depends upon the activity of the disease as estimated by clinical, radiological and laboratory tests. The present case report illustrates these difficulties.