Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry vol:51 issue:25 pages:7338-7345
The influence on wheat flour gluten-starch separation of a xylanase from Aspergillus, aculeatus (XAA) with hydrolysis selectivity toward water extractable arabinoxylan (WE-AX) and that is not inhibited by wheat flour xylanase inhibitors was compared to that of a xylanase from Bacillus subtilis (XBS) with hydrolysis selectivity toward water unextractable arabinoxylan (WU-AX) and that is inhibited by such inhibitors. XAA improved gluten agglomeration through degradation of WE-AX and concomitant reduction in viscosity, which in the laboratory scale batter procedure with a set of vibrating sieves (400, 250, and 125 mum), increased protein recoveries on the 400 mum sieve. In contrast, XBS had a negative effect as it decreased gluten protein recovery on this sieve, probably as a result of the viscosity increase that accompanied WU-AX solubilization. Hence, it was active even if most likely a considerable part of its activity was prevented by xylanase inhibitors. A combination of XAA and XBS at a low dosage yielded a distribution of gluten proteins on the different sieves comparable to that of the control. At a high combined dosage, the gluten agglomeration was better than that with XAA alone, indicating that both WE-AX and WU-AX have a negative impact on gluten agglomeration. Finally, experiments with endoxylanase addition at different moments during the separation process suggest that the status of the arabinoxylan population during dough mixing is far less critical for its impact on gluten agglomeration than that during the batter phase.