Transplant International vol:11 issue:4 pages:288-94
FTY720 is a recently discovered compound that is derived from the fungus Isaria sinclairii. Using a DA donor-to-LEW recipient rat combination, we assessed the efficacy of peritransplant FTY720 alone or in combination with post-transplant tacrolimus on the survival of cardiac allografts. Peritransplant FTY720 given orally at a dose of 5 mg/kg on days-1 and 0 prolonged graft survival from 5 to 13 days (P < 0.05). Combining peritransplant FTY720 with post-transplant tacrolimus resulted in a further prolongation of allograft survival. The lymphocyte count in transplanted rats decreased within 24 h to 46.6%. Analysis of lymphocyte subsets by FACS revealed that FTY720 affected the total population of CD3-bearing T cells while the ratio of CD4 to CD8 cells remained unchanged. Kidney and liver biochemistry remained elevated for 2 weeks. In conclusion, FTY720 is a powerful immunosuppressive agent when used as induction therapy and may have an additive effect--perhaps a synergistic one--with post-transplant tacrolimus.