Title: Nominal and effective dosimetry of silica nanoparticles in cytotoxicity assays
Authors: Lison, Dominique ×
Thomassen, Leen
Rabolli, Virginie
Gonzalez, Laetitia
Napierska, Dorota
Seo, Jin Won
Kirsch-Volders, Micheline
Hoet, Peter
Kirschhock, Christine
Martens, Johan #
Issue Date: Jul-2008
Publisher: Academic Press
Series Title: Toxicological Sciences vol:104 issue:1 pages:155-162
Abstract: Because of their small size and large specific surface area, insoluble nanoparticles are almost not affected by the gravitational force and are generally formulated in stable suspensions or sols. This raises, however, a potential difficulty in in vitro assay systems in which cells adhering to the bottom of a culture vessel may not be exposed to the majority of nanoparticles in suspension. Teeguarden et al. (2007) have recently addressed this issue theoretically, emphasising the need to characterize the effective dose (mass or number or surface area (SA) dose of particles that affect the cells) which, according to their model based on sedimentation and gravitation forces, might only represent a very small fraction of the nominal dose. We hypothesized, in contrast, that because of convection forces that usually develop in sols, the majority of particles may reach the target cells and exert their potential toxicity. To address this issue, we exposed 3 different cell lines (A549 epithelial cells, EAHY926 endothelial cells, and J774 monocyte-macrophages) to a monodisperse suspension of Stöber silica nanoparticles (SNP) in 3 different laboratories. Four different endpoints (LDH release, LDH cell content, MTT and crystal violet staining) were used to assess the cell response to nanoparticles. We found, in all cell lines and for all endpoints, that the cellular response was determined by the total mass/number/SA of particles as well as their concentration. Practically, for a given volume of dispersion, both parameters are of course intimately interdependent. We conclude that the nominal dose remains the most appropriate metric for in vitro toxicity testing of insoluble SNP dispersed in aqueous medium. This observation has important bearings on the experimental design and the interpretation of in vitro toxicological studies with nanoparticles.
ISSN: 1096-6080
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Environment and Health - miscellaneous
Occupational, Environmental and Insurance Medicine (-)
Physical Metallurgy and Materials Engineering Section (-)
Centre for Surface Chemistry and Catalysis
Microbial and Molecular Systems - miscellaneous
Formerly "Departement Industriƫle Wetenschappen - TM M"
Sustainable Chemical Process Technology TC, Technology Campus Diepenbeek
Sustainable Chemical Process Technology TC
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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