Bulletin de la Société belge d'ophtalmologie issue:297 pages:45-57
PURPOSE: Evaluation of visual outcome after lens aspiration with or without intraocular lens implantation for isolated congenital and juvenile cataract in children aged 6 years and younger. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 48 children with isolated congenital and juvenile cataract who were surgically treated between January 1993 and December 2002 and had a minimal follow-up of 12 months. RESULTS: In the group of children with unilateral cataract, 33% (3 out of 9 children) of aphakic children and 45.5% (5 out of 11 children) of pseudophakic children attained a final best corrected visual acuity of 20/200 and 20/60 respectively. In the group of children with bilateral involvement, 35% (6 out of 17 children) of aphakic children have a final best corrected visual acuity of 20/30 and 63.7% (7 out of 11 children) of pseudophakic children have a final best corrected visual acuity of 20/25 or more. CONCLUSION: The results of this study emphasize the need for early surgery and good organisation of postsurgical care in patients with pediatric cataract to optimise visual outcome. Furthermore patients with isolated unilateral congenital cataract surgically treated at an average age of 15 months without primary lens implantation and with variable and low compliance have suboptimal results. The effect of early surgery with primary lens implantation on the long term visual outcome in pediatric cataract needs to be further evaluated.