Gastric gelatinase B/matrix metalloproteinase-9 is rapidly increased in Helicobacter felis-induced gastritis
Bergin, Philip J × Raghavan, Sukanya Svensson, Helena Starckx, Sofie Van Aelst, Ilse Gjertsson, Inger Opdenakker, Ghislain Quiding-Järbrink, Marianne #
Elsevier Science Publishers, B.V. on behalf of the Federation of European Microbiological Societies
FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology vol:52 issue:1 pages:88-98
It has previously been shown that matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) levels, originating from macrophages, are considerably increased in human Helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis. Here, the early kinetics of the MMP-9 response resulting from Helicobacter infection in C57BL/6 and MMP-9 knock-out mice using the murine Helicobacter felis model were examined. H. felis infection induced severe gastritis in the murine stomach at just 2 weeks after infection. Before gastritis, an increase was observed in MMP-9-positive cells detected by immunohistochemistry in the basal lamina propria. This finding was corroborated by gelatin zymography of stomach samples. As the gastritis increased so did the concentration of MMP-9 and the incidence of gastric MMP-9-positive cells, their location corresponding to that of macrophages. In contrast, systemic levels of MMP-9 remained unchanged. When MMP-9-deficient mice were infected with H. felis, no significant difference in gastritis development was detected compared with disease development in wild-type animals. We conclude that MMP-9 production is an early event in the response to gastric Helicobacter infection, a feature that may favor the recruitment of immune cells early during infection. At later stages, however, the increased levels of MMP-9 may damage the integrity of the stomach mucosa.