In vitro cellular & developmental biology. Animal vol:35 issue:8 pages:472-80
Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus represents a risk factor for subsequent invasive infections and interpatient transmission of strains. No physiological in vitro model of nasal epithelial cells is available to study both patient- and bacteria-related characteristics and their interaction, leading to adherence and colonization. Starting with tissues from human nasal polyps, a confluent, squamous, nonkeratinized epithelium in collagen-coated 96-well microtiter plates was obtained after 14 d. This in vitro cell-layer was characterized histologically, ultrastructurally, and immunohistochemically and showed features that were indistinguishable from those observed in the squamous nonkeratinized epithelium found in the posterior part of the vestibulum nasi. Adherence experiments were performed with four different 3H-thymidine-labeled Staphylococcus aureus strains. The effect of bacterial inoculum size, temperature of incubation, and incubation medium were studied. The adherence results were found to be reproducible, reliable and sensitive, allowing detection of small quantitative differences in adherence between the Staphylococcus aureus strains. There was no significant difference in adherence at 23 degrees C and 37 degrees C, nor between the incubation medium M199 and phosphate-buffered saline. Plastic adherence could be reduced and standardized with use of siliconized tips and a constant bacterial inoculum volume of 100 microl/well. This physiological and reliable in vitro cell-culture model offers a unique opportunity to study Staphylococcus aureus adherence to squamous, nonkeratinized nasal epithelial cells and both patient and bacterial characteristics involved in this interaction.