Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research vol:20 issue:7 pages:667-74
Granulocyte chemotactic protein-2 (GCP-2) of the mouse is a potent neutrophil chemotactic and activating factor in vitro and in vivo. Gelatinase B/matrix metalloproteinase-9 is released from neutrophils within 1 h after stimulation with GCP-2. In vitro neutrophil chemotaxis by GCP-2 was not impaired by specific inhibitory monoclonal antibodies (mAb) against gelatinase B, indicating that gelatinase B is not involved in chemotaxis of neutrophils through polycarbonate filters. To investigate if gelatinase B degranulation is involved in in vivo cell migration toward GCP-2, experiments were performed with gelatinase B knockout mice. When mouse GCP-2 was injected intradermally in mice, a dose-dependent neutrophil chemotactic response was observed, and this cell migration was significantly impaired in young mice by genetic gelatinase B knockout. In adult vs. young gelatinase B-deficient mice, such compensatory mechanisms as higher basal neutrophil counts and less impairment of chemotaxis toward local GCP-2 injection were observed. These experiments prove the concept that gelatinase B release under pressure of GCP-2 is a relevant, but not exclusive, effector mechanism of neutrophil chemotaxis in vivo and that known mechanisms, other than the release of gelatinase B, allow for a full-blown chemotactic response and compensate for gelatinase B deficiency in adult life in the mouse.