Bulletin de la Société belge d'ophtalmologie issue:279 pages:7-12
A 28-year old female patient presented with unilateral dropped visual acuity and a central scotoma. Fundus examination and a fluorescein angiogram were suggestive for central retinal vein prethrombosis. Further tests revealed an isolated protein S deficiency for which oral anticoagulation therapy was initiated. Six months later she presented with new symptoms of a right retrobulbar pain on ocular movements. The retinal vessels had normalized with improved visual acuity. Re-evaluation of the fluorescein angiogram taken six months earlier showed an image compatible with unilateral vasculitis. During this six month period persisting high levels of IgG and IgM antibodies against Toxoplasma were observed while no signs of other active infection could be found. This report illustrates that in cases of prethrombosis with vasculitis in a young patient, a full medical examination and a thorough investigation of infectious diseases are warranted.