Journal of Comparative Neurology vol:310 issue:2 pages:189-99
Somatostatin (SRIF, S14) receptors in the cat and monkey visual cortex were visualized by means of in vitro autoradiography with an iodinated agonist of SRIF, [125I-Tyr0,DTrp8]S14. The kinetics, performed on tissue sections, revealed an apparently single, saturable site (KD = 3.92 +/- 0.31 10(-10) M for the cat, and 3.82 +/- 0.28 10(-10) M for the monkey visual cortex) with pharmacological specificity for S14 and [DTrp]-substituted S14. Autoradiography, performed on frontal sections of the cat and monkey visual cortex, revealed a heterogeneous regional and laminar distribution of SRIF receptors. In cat areas 17, 18, and 19, SRIF receptors occur mainly in the supragranular layers, although small interareal and intra-areal differences are observed. The infragranular layers (V-VI) in area 19 contain a significantly higher proportion of SRIF receptors compared to both areas 17 and 18. In the antero- (AMLS) and posteromedial lateral suprasylvian area (PMLS), layers V and VI contain the highest proportion of SRIF receptors. This latter pattern is also observed in the area prostriata medially adjoining area 17 in the splenial sulcus. In the monkey visual cortex, areas 17 and 18 exhibit similar distribution patterns, SRIF receptors being primarily concentrated in layers V and VI. Neither in the cat nor the monkey visual cortex could we observe significant differences in SRIF receptor distribution between different retinotopic subdivisions within one area.