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Title: Risk factors for suicide in young people suffering from schizophrenia: a long-term follow-up study
Authors: De Hert, Marc ×
McKenzie, Kwame
Peuskens, Joseph #
Issue Date: Mar-2001
Series Title: Schizophrenia research vol:47 issue:2-3 pages:127-134
Abstract: Ten per cent of patients with schizophrenia commit suicide, but assessment of risk is difficult. Large case-control studies with a long follow-up period are needed. These should focus on patients from one age group to give clinicians the details required to identify those at highest risk.We present a case-control study of 63 patients who committed suicide and 63 controls from a consecutive admission series of patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. All patients were under the age of 30 at admission.Risk factors for suicide were male gender, chronic illness with frequent relapses (OR 6.0), frequent short hospitalisation, a negative attitude towards treatment (OR non-compliance 7.0), impulsive behaviour (OR acting out 6.4, OR involuntary commitment 17), parasuicide (OR suicide attempt 4.8, OR highly lethal suicide attempt 11), high pre-morbid IQ (OR 4.3), psychosis (OR 7.0) and depression (OR 36). However, early onset of a defect state (OR 6.3) and a daily activity (OR 4.2) were protective factors. Identified risk factors could help clinicians to target high-risk patients and form the basis for interventions aimed at reducing suicide.
URI: 
ISSN: 0920-9964
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:University Centre Sint Jozef (-)
Research Group Psychiatry
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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