Journal of Comparative Neurology vol:293 issue:3 pages:486-98
The goal of this study was to elucidate the precise regional and laminar distribution of neuropeptide Y (NPY) binding sites in feline and primate visual cortex. By means of in vitro receptor autoradiography, NPY binding sites in primate and feline visual cortex were specifically labeled with 3H-NPY. In cat area 17, the highest density of NPY-binding sites was present in lamina I and the upper half of lamina II. The density then gradually decreased towards lamina VI. Areas 18 and 19 exhibited a similar binding site-density profile. The decrease in density from superficial to deep layers was more gradual in area 18 than in areas 17 and 19. In monkey primary visual cortex (V1), layer IVc presented a high concentration of NPY binding sites, in addition to a dense zone of binding sites in layer I. Monkey secondary visual cortex (V2) displays a similar dense zone in layer I, but lacks such high density of NPY binding sites in layer IV. Therefore, the border between primary and secondary visual cortex coincides with the abrupt disappearance of this latter high density in layer IV. In cat as well as in monkey visual cortex, no significant differences were found between regions representing central vision and those representing the peripheral parts of the visual field. Comparison of our results for NPY binding sites with the distribution of alpha 1-adrenergic receptors, as recently described by Rakic et al. (J. Neurosci. 8(10):3670-3690, 1988) for primate and Parkinson et al. (Brain Res. 457:70-78, 1988) for feline visual cortex, revealed that those two patterns are very similar.