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Title: Prevention of type I diabetes in NOD mice by nonhypercalcemic doses of a new structural analog of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, KH1060
Authors: Mathieu, Chantal ×
Waer, Mark
Casteels, Kristina
Laureys, Jozef
Bouillon, Roger #
Issue Date: Mar-1995
Series Title: Endocrinology vol:136 issue:3 pages:866-72
Abstract: Pharmacological amounts of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] have potent immunoregulatory activity, but with marked effects on calcium and bone metabolism. In this study we demonstrate that nonhypercalcemia-inducing nondemineralizing doses of an analog of 1,25-(OH)2D3, 1 alpha,25-(OH)2-20-epi-22-oxa-24,26,27-trishomo-vitamin D (KH1060), can prevent type I diabetes. Female NOD mice received 1,25-(OH)2D3 (5 micrograms/kg), KH1060 (0.4 or 0.2 micrograms/kg), or the treatment vehicle ip every 2 days from 21-200 days of age. The incidence of diabetes in controls was 17 of 31 (55%), whereas 7 of 38 (18%) 1,25-(OH)2D3-treated mice, 3 of 27 (11%) KH1060 (0.4 micrograms/kg)-treated mice, and 6 of 27 (22%) KH1060 (0.2 micrograms/kg)-treated mice developed diabetes (P < 0.025 vs. controls). Protection was achieved with the low KH1060 dose without effects on calcium or bone metabolism, as evaluated by serum calcium (9.5 +/- 0.4 vs. 9.4 +/- 0.3 mg/dl in controls; P = NS), serum osteocalcin (82 +/- 17 vs. 83 +/- 20 ng/ml; P = NS), bone calcium content (6.8 +/- 0.7 vs. 6.4 +/- 0.5 mg/tibia; P = NS), urinary calcium (21 +/- 4 vs. 21 +/- 4 mg/dl; P = NS), pyridinoline excretion, and duodenal calbindin-D9K concentration. The proposed mechanism of action is a restoration of suppressor cell activity, as demonstrated in vitro (suppressor cell assay) and in vivo (cell transfer experiments). This study demonstrates that an analog of 1,25-(OH)2D3 prevents type I diabetes in NOD mice without significant effects on calcium or bone metabolism.
ISSN: 0013-7227
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Experimental Transplantation
Medical Clerkships Centers
Laboratory of Nephrology
Clinical and Experimental Endocrinology
Laboratory of Pediatric Immunology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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