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Title: Image-based planning and validation of C1-C2 transarticular screw fixation using personalized drill guides
Authors: Van Cleynenbreugel, Johan ×
Schutyser, Filip
Goffin, Jan
Van Brussel, Karel
Suetens, Paul #
Issue Date: Aug-2002
Publisher: Wiley-Liss
Series Title: Computer aided surgery vol:7 issue:1 pages:41-48
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Posterior transarticular spine fusion is a surgical procedure used to stabilize the cervical bodies C1 and C2. Currently, spine screws are used most frequently, according to the procedure of Magerl. As the anatomy is rather complex and the view is limited, this procedure has a high risk factor. We present and validate a planning system for cervical screw insertion based on preoperative CT imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The planning system discussed allowed a neurosurgeon to interactively determine the desired position of the cervical screws, based on appropriate and real-time reslices through the preoperative CT image volume. From the planning, a personalized mechanical drill guide was derived as a means of transferring the plan intraoperatively. Eight cadaver experiments were performed to validate this approach. Postoperative CT was applied, and screw locations were extracted from the postoperative images after registering them to preoperative images. In this way, the deviations of the axes of the planned and inserted screws were determined. RESULTS: From an initial cadaver series, it was observed that the drill guides were not stable enough to cope with the drilling forces, and tended to become displaced. Still, most of the inserted screws were reported to be placed adequately. No vascular compromise or invasion of the spinal canal was observed. For a second cadaver series, the design of the drill guide was altered. In this series, the displacement was no longer present, and all screws were optimally placed. CONCLUSIONS: The preoperative planning system allowed the neurosurgeon to rehearse screw insertion in a way that is closer to surgical reality. The image-based validation technique allowed verification and enhancement of the template design on a cadaver study, giving accuracies comparable to those obtained with transfer by navigation.
Description: Van Cleynenbreugel J., Schutyser F., Goffin J., Van Brussel K., Suetens P., ''Image-based planning and validation of C1-C2 transarticular screw fixation using personalized drill guides'', Computer aided surgery, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 41-48, 2002.
ISSN: 1092-9088
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Research Group Experimental Neurosurgery and Neuroanatomy
ESAT - PSI, Processing Speech and Images
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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