Photodynamic therapy with verteporfin in the treatment of exudative idiopathic polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy
Mauget-Faÿsse, M × Quaranta-El Maftouhi, M De La Marnièrre, E Leys, Anita #
European journal of ophthalmology vol:16 issue:5 pages:695-704
PURPOSE: To determine the safety and efficacy of photodynamic therapy with verteporfin (V-PDT) in the treatment of exudative idiopathic polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (IPCV) lesions that were not suitable for laser photocoagulation. METHODS: This was a prospective, open label study in two centers involving 30 consecutive patients (31 eyes) diagnosed with exudative IPCV using fluorescein angiography (FA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), and optical coherence tomography (OCT). All patients underwent complete ophthalmologic examination including best-corrected visual acuity (VA) measurement, contrast sensitivity (CS) testing, FA, ICGA, and OCT. OCT was used to assess the stage of the polypoidal dilations (active or scarred) and the evolution of the signs associated with exudation. Study patients were treated with V-PDT and followed up at 6 weeks and 3, 6, and 12 months. Re-treatment was applied, at an interval of 3 months, until there was an absence of leakage on FA and hyperfluorescence on ICGA. RESULTS: Thirty eyes (29 patients) completed the 12 months post-treatment visit and were retained for further analysis. The mean number of V-PDT treatments was 2.5 (SD 1.1). At 12 months post-treatment, the mean foveal thickness had significantly (p<0.03) decreased to 224 (SD 104) microm from the baseline 292 (SD 124) microm while the mean VA had significantly (p<0.02) improved to 0.50 (SD O.38) from the baseline 0.38 (SD 0.24). Serous detachment of the macula completely resolved in 83.3% of the eyes while 73.3% of the polypoidal dilations were occluded at 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that V-PDT is effective and relatively safe in treating exudative IPCV.