Clinical oral implants research vol:12 issue:2 pages:167-73
In the present study, speech function was assessed in edentulous patients wearing fixed or removable dental prostheses supported or not by oral implants. A total of 138 patients participated in the present research. The experimental group (n=113) was divided in 4 subgroups. Subgroup FD/FFPi comprised 22 patients with a maxillary full denture (=FD) and a mandibular fixed full prosthesis on implants (=FFPi). Subgroup FFPi/ND consisted of 27 patients with a maxillary fixed full prosthesis on implants and a natural dentition (=ND) in the mandible. Subgroup FD/ODi included 49 patients wearing a maxillary full denture and a mandibular overdenture on 2 implants (=ODi). Subgroup FFPi/FFPi comprised 15 patients having a fixed full prosthesis on implants in both jaws. The outcome of the logopedic screening of the experimental group was compared with that of a control group of subjects having a natural dentition (ND/ND; n=25). A standard clinical procedure for evaluation of speech was carried out by a speech pathologist. Besides, specific oral and prosthetic parameters were scored in all patients. It was established that one or more pronunciation difficulties occurred in 84% of the patients of the experimental group. This was significantly more than in the control group, where half the number of subjects had some speech deficiencies. No clear influence of specific oral and prosthetic parameters could be identified. From the present results, it could be concluded that in patients rehabilitated with oral implant-supported prostheses speech disorder is more frequently observed than in subjects with a natural dentition.