Molecular and biochemical parasitology vol:44 issue:2 pages:225-32
To determine whether surface proteins of hepatocytes might be involved in the sporozoite invasion, plasma membrane proteins were prepared from human livers with CHAPS (3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)-dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulphonate) and radiolabelled with 125I (Iodogen; 1,3,4,6-tetrachloro-3 alpha,6 alpha-diphenylglycoluril). The labelled proteins were incubated with Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites and cross-linked with DSP (dithio-bis-succinimidylpropionate). Radiolabelled proteins released by reduction after repeated washing of the sporozoite-complex were separated by SDS-PAGE and autoradiographed. Two human hepatocyte membrane proteins of 20 and 55 kDa were found to be involved in the initial binding of P. falciparum sporozoites. The electrophoretically purified 20- and 55-kDa proteins both inhibited the binding of the corresponding radiolabelled proteins to P. falciparum sporozoites and reduced the invasion of sporozoites in an in vitro assay. We propose that these 20-kDa and 55-kDa proteins represent putative human hepatocyte receptors for P. falciparum sporozoite invasion.