Biochimica et Biophysica Acta vol:481 issue:2 pages:463-70
When crude rat liver preparations were incubated at 30degrees C, a gradual loss of phosphorylase kinase (ATP:phosphorylase b phosphotransferase, EC 220.127.116.11) activity was observed. This inactivation was Mg2+ dependent and was partially inhibited by sodium fluoride. Addition of Mg2+ ATP to the liver preparations, at any time throughout the incubation, caused a reactivation of the phosphorylase kinase and this was accelerated by micromolar concentrations of cyclic AMP. The reactivation process could be completely abolished by the addition of a heat stable protein kinase inhibitor, implicating cyclic AMP dependent protein kinase in the activation reaction. Both the low and the high activity forms of the enzyme required micromolar quantities of Ca2+ for full activity (KA = 0.6 micronM). The two forms exhibit quite different pH dependencies and at the physiological pH of liver (pH 7.4) their activities differed by a factor of 5-10. Conversion of the lower activity form into the higher seems to affect only the V - Km for muscle phosphorylase b (EC 18.104.22.168) was about 1 mg/ml for both enzyme forms.