Published by Portland Press on behalf of the Biochemical Society
Biochemical Journal vol:231 issue:3 pages:797-99
Purinergic agonists cause a dose-dependent activation of glycogen phosphorylase in isolated rat hepatocytes. Half-maximally effective concentrations are 5 X 10(-7)M for ATP, 2 X 10(-6)M for ADP, and about 5 X 10(-5) M for AMP and adenosine. This potency series indicates the presence of P2-purinergic receptors. The mode of action of ATP appears to be identical with that of the Ca2+-dependent glycogenolytic hormones angiotensin, vasopressin and alpha 1-adrenergic agonists. (1) They all require Ca2+ for phosphorylase activation; (2) they do not increase cyclic AMP levels; (3) they are susceptible to heterologous desensitization by vasopressin and phenylephrine; (4) they lower cyclic AMP concentrations in hepatocytes stimulated by glucagon, most probably mediated by an enhanced phosphodiesterase activity.