Tijdschrift voor geneeskunde vol:62 issue:2 pages:118-122
Incidence and clinical impact of nosocomial infection
A nosocomial infection is an infection acquired during hospitalisation. The operational criterion is >= 48 hours after admission in the hospital.
In Belgium the Scientific Institute for Public Health leads a national programme for the registration of nosocomial infections. Recent data from Belgian hospitals are shown and compared with European and American surveillance studies.
Nosocomial infections cause an attributable morbidity and mortality, a prolonged hospitalization, and a cost increase for diagnosis and treatment.
The aims and weaknesses of labor-intensive and expensive surveillance programmes must be clearly defined.