Title: Bronchodilator properties of an inhaled leukotriene D4 antagonist (verlukast--MK-0679) in asthmatic patients
Authors: Lammers, J W ×
Van Daele, P
Van den Elshout, F M
Decramer, Marc
Buntinx, A
De Lepeleire, I
Friedman, B #
Issue Date: Jul-1992
Series Title: Pulmonary pharmacology vol:5 issue:2 pages:121-5
Abstract: The safety, tolerability and bronchodilator properties of inhaled verlukast (MK-0679), a new potent and selective LTD4-receptor antagonist, were studied in 12 asthmatic subjects with more than 15% increase in FEV1 after salbutamol inhalation. On three separate study days the patients inhaled placebo, verlukast 2 mg and verlukast 8 mg from a metered dose inhaler according to a randomized, double-blind, cross-over allocation schedule. Pulmonary function and tolerability were assessed regularly and after 8 h a second dose of test drug was inhaled. Thirty minutes later a beta 2-agonist dose-response curve was performed by inhaling salbutamol in cumulative doses of 200, 400 and 800 micrograms. Verlukast (8 mg) caused significant improvement in mean FEV1 from 1.5 through 8 h after inhalation as compared to placebo (P less than 0.05). The maximum change in FEV1 occurred at 2 h after inhalation with mean percent increases above baseline of 3.5, 7.7, and 9.2% after placebo, verlukast 2 mg and 8 mg, respectively. The bronchodilator response to inhaled salbutamol was significantly larger after verlukast 8 mg than after placebo pretreatment (P less than 0.05), whereas verlukast 2 mg afforded no additive bronchodilator effect. We conclude that inhalation of the LTD4-antagonist verlukast induces modest but significant bronchodilatation and may be beneficial in the treatment of asthma.
ISSN: 0952-0600
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Pneumology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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