Journal of Dynamic Systems Measurement and Control-Transactions of the ASME vol:118 issue:4 pages:791-795
The paper shows the influence of the location of unstable zeros on the tracking performance of feedforward prefilters. Unstable zeros are divided into a number of classes. It is shown that existing feedforward prefilters (Zero Phase Error Tracking Control (ZPETC), E-filter, Extended Bandwidth ZPETC, ...) perform well for two classes, but fail for a particular class of unstable zeros. For this class, a characteristic frequency, fc, exists such that the induced gain error attenuates all frequencies of the reference trajectory f <= fc and amplifies frequencies f > fc. Hence, it is impossible to freely select the tracking bandwidth. Therefore, an optimal feedforward prefilter for discrete time nonminimum phase systems is presented to deal with this class of unstable zeros. As in the ZPETC method, the prefilter compensates for unstable zeros in the inverse system model, retains the zero phase property, and introduces small gain errors. But in addition, the design minimizes a cost function for which a least square solution is found. A frequency and time domain analysis shows the superior performance of the presented optimal prefilter design even for trajectory with high frequency components.