Neurogastroenterology and Motility vol:14 issue:4 pages:321-30
Abstract Intracellular recordings were used to examine the effects on electrical and synaptic behaviour of interleukin (IL)-1beta and prostaglandin E2(PGE2) on myenteric neurones of the guinea-pig colon. Application of IL-1beta and PGE2resulted in a concentration-dependent slow depolarization with enhanced spike discharge in, respectively, 45% (21/47) and 83% (33/41) of the impaled colonic neurones. Administration of IL-1beta in three neurones (6%) elicited a hyperpolarization. Responses remained during tetrodotoxin application, indicative of a direct effect of both substances on the impaled neurones. The effects of IL-1beta remained in the presence of indomethacine, a prostaglandin synthase inhibitor. Responses were seen in both nitric oxide synthase- and choline acetyl transferase-immunoreactive neurones. IL-1beta evoked a 26% reduction of the fast excitatory postsynaptic potential. These results indicate that the application of IL-1beta and PGE2evoke direct excitatory actions on a subset of myenteric neurones. For IL-1beta, direct inhibition and presynaptic inhibition of the fast excitatory postsynaptic potential has also been found. In the distal colon, responses to IL-1beta are not mediated through PGE2pathways.