Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America vol:91 issue:18 pages:8572-6
A serine/threonine protein kinase that binds phorbol esters and diacylglycerol (named protein kinase D, PKD) has been identified. PKD contains membrane localization signals and a cysteine-rich repeat sequence homologous to that seen in the regulatory domain of protein kinase C (PKC). A bacterially expressed N-terminal domain of PKD exhibited high-affinity phorbol ester binding activity (Kd = 35 nM). The diacylglycerol analog 1-oleoyl-2-acetylglycerol inhibited phorbol ester binding in a dose-dependent manner. The catalytic domain of PKD contains all characteristic sequence motifs of serine protein kinases but shows only a low degree of sequence similarity to PKCs. The highest identity is with the catalytic domain of myosin light-chain kinase from Dictyostelium (41%). The bacterially expressed catalytic domain of PKD efficiently phosphorylated the exogenous peptide substrate syntide 2 in serine but did not catalyze significant phosphorylation of a variety of other substrates used by PKCs and other major second messenger regulated kinases. PKD may be an unusual component in the transduction of diacylglycerol and phorbol ester signals.