Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:282 issue:20 pages:14777-87
Protein kinase D (PKD), a family of serine/threonine kinases, can be activated by a multitude of stimuli in a protein kinase C-dependent or -independent manner. PKD is involved in signal transduction pathways controlling cell proliferation, apoptosis, motility, and protein trafficking. Despite its versatile functions, few genuine in vivo substrates for PKD have been identified. In this study we demonstrate that the transcription factor cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB) is a direct substrate for PKD. PKD1 and CREB interact in cells, and activated PKD1 provokes CREB phosphorylation at Ser-133 both in vitro and in vivo. A constitutive active mutant of PKD1 stimulates GAL4-CREB-mediated transcription in a Ser-133-dependent manner, activates CRE-responsive promoters, and increases the expression of CREB target genes. PKD1 also enhances transcription mediated by two other members of the CREB family, ATF-1 and CREM. Our results describe a novel mechanism for PKD-induced signaling through activation of the transcription factor CREB and suggest that stimulus-induced phosphorylation of CREB, reported to be mediated by protein kinase C, may involve downstream activated PKD.