Title: Experimental study of flow dynamics in close-coupled catalyst manifolds
Authors: Persoons, Tim ×
Hoefnagels, A
Van den Bulck, Eric #
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Professional Engineering Pub.
Series Title: International Journal of Engine Research vol:8 issue:2 pages:163-183
Abstract: Time-resolved flow dynamics in an automotive exhaust manifold with a close-coupled catalyst is investigated experimentally on a charged motored engine (CME) flow rig. Flow similarity between CME and fired engine conditions is discussed analytically. Oscillating hot-wire anemometry (OHW) is used to measure the bidirectional phase-locked velocity. Strong time-resolved mean catalyst velocity fluctuations are observed. These are analysed as Helmholtz resonances, using a one-dimensional gas dynamic model of the manifold. The spatial and temporal occurrence of instantaneous reverse flow in the catalyst are investigated, for varying engine load conditions. Periodic backflow occurs throughout large portions of the catalyst cross-section, and proves to be linked strongly to the observed Helmholtz resonances.
ISSN: 1468-0874
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Applied Mechanics and Energy Conversion Section
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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