Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology vol:111 issue:10 pages:933-8
Over a 2-year period (1997 to 1999), 5 consecutive adult patients with chronic refractory secretory otitis media (CSOM) and 16 with a chronic refractory feeling of pressure in the ear(s) (CRFP) thought to be related to concomitant eustachian tube dysfunction were prospectively studied for coexisting gastroesophageal reflux (GER). All patients underwent an extensive standardized otorhinolaryngological examination, ambulatory 24-hour dual-probe esophageal pH monitoring with a distal pH probe 5 cm and a proximal probe 20 cm above the lower esophageal sphincter, and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Most of them also underwent esophageal manometry. All patients with CSOM and 12 of the 16 patients with CRFP had evidence of GER. Only 5 patients experienced heartburn or regurgitation. All patients responded very well to antireflux therapy with omeprazole 20 mg twice per day (40 mg twice per day in 2 patients) accompanied by conservative antireflux measures, ie, complete cessation of their middle ear complaints. This study demonstrates the role of GER in the pathogenesis of refractory CSOM and CRFP and the effectiveness of sustained antireflux therapy.