Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics vol:9 issue:48 pages:6463-6475
The interfacial rheological properties of stable and weakly aggregated two-dimensional suspensions are studied experimentally using a magnetic rod interfacial rheometer. Particle monolayers with well controlled structures were prepared. Charged polystyrene particles create two-dimensional colloidal crystals at the water-decane interface over a wide range of concentrations. Under similar conditions a predominantly liquid structure is obtained at the water-air interface for the same particles. The addition of appropriate combinations of the anionic surfactant sodiumdodecylsulfate (SDS) and sodium chloride ( NaCl) to the aqueous subphase leads to a destabilization of these monolayers with the formation of fractal aggregates at low concentrations and a heterogeneous gel forming as the surface coverage is increased. After the structures have been built up a reproducible structure can be obtained, of which the interfacial rheological properties can be investigated using a magnetic rod stress rheometer. In all cases, numerical calculations were used to assess the importance of instrumental artifacts and the effect of the coupling between surface and subphase flows. The rheology of aggregated suspensions was compared to the reference case of a colloidal crystal. The two-dimensional aggregated suspensions display rheological features which are similar to their three-dimensional counterparts. These include an elastic response with small linearity limits, a power law dependence on surface coverage and a dependence on the strength of attraction. The results shed some light on the possible role of interfacial rheology on the stability of particle laden high interface systems. Additionally, the 2D suspensions could present fundamental insights in the rheological properties of dense colloidal suspensions.