DO FUTURE PHARMACISTS STIGMATIZE PEOPLE WITH MENTAL DISORDERS? A SIX-COUNTRY COMPARISON
Bell, Simon × Aaltonen, Elina International Mental Health Pharmacy Practice Research Group #
Koninklijke Nederlandse Maatschappij ter Bevordering der Pharmacie
Pharmacy world & science
Objective: To compare and contrast the extent to which pharmacy students in Australia, Belgium, Finland, India, Estonia and Latvia hold stigmatising attitudes toward people with schizophrenia and severe depression.
Method: Data were collected as part of the International Pharmacy Students Health Survey, a census survey of third-year pharmacy students studying at eight universities in six countries. Respondents (n=642) indicated how strongly they endorsed six stigmatising statements about patients with schizophrenia and severe depression. Coded data were analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (Version 14.0).
Results: Between 52.5% (95% CI 46.2-58.9%) of students in Australia and 65.1% (95% CI 56.9-73.3) in Finland agreed that people with schizophrenia are a danger to others. Between 30.3% (95% CI 24.5-36.1%) of students in Australia and 60.0% (95% CI 48.5-71.5) in Estonia and Latvia agreed that people with schizophrenia are difficult to talk to. Between 9.8% (95% CI 4.0-15.0%) of students in Belgium and 43.8% (95% CI 35.3-52.3%) in Finland agreed that people with severe depression have themselves to blame.
Conclusion: Sub-optimal attitudes toward people with schizophrenia and severe depression were common among pharmacy students in all countries. New models of pharmacy education are required to address the attitudes and misconceptions among pharmacy students.