Title: Genetics of strength and power characteristics in children and adolescents
Authors: Beunen, Gaston ×
Thomis, Martine
Peeters, Maarten
Maes, Hermine
Claessens, Albrecht
Vlietinck, Robert #
Issue Date: May-2003
Publisher: Human kinetics publ inc
Series Title: Pediatric Exercise Science vol:15 issue:2 pages:128-138
Abstract: The aim of this study is to quantify the genetic and environmental variation in isometric and explosive strength (power) in children and adolescents, using structural equation models. Arm pull (static strength) and vertical jump (explosive strength, power) were measured in 105 twin pairs from the Leuven Longitudinal Twin Study. Boys and girls were tested at annual intervals between 10 and 16 years and at 18 years. Path models were fitted to the observed strength characteristics and a gender heterogeneity analysis was performed at each age level. A model including additive genetic and specific environmental factors (AE-model) allowing for a difference in total phenotypic variance or in genetic/environmental variance components in boys and girls best explains both strength characteristics at most age levels. The additive genetic contribution for isometric strength varies between a²=.44 and a²=.83, and for explosive strength between a²=.47 and a²=.92 except at 16 years in males. In conclusion there is good evidence that during the growth period both static and explosive strength are under moderate to moderately strong genetic influence.
ISSN: 0899-8493
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Exercise Physiology Research Group
Clinical Genetics Section (-)
Department of Kinesiology - miscellaneous
Physical Activity, Sports & Health Research Group
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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