Neurogastroenterology and Motility vol:12 issue:6 pages:531-8
The effects of the inflammatory mediators interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) on myenteric neurones were investigated by intracellular recordings in a conventional myenteric plexus preparation of guinea pig ileum. Micropressure ejection of IL-1beta and IL-6 (10-7 mol L-1) both caused an excitatory effect in, respectively, 19% (13/70) and 7% (5/70) of the myenteric neurones. The IL-1beta-induced depolarizations were inhibited by superfusion of the IL-1beta receptor antagonist. The responses seen were tetrodotoxin-resistant, indicating a direct neuronal effect. Responses to both cytokines were seen in nitric oxide synthase-immunoreactive as well as choline acetyltransferase-immunoreactive neurones. In addition, both IL-1beta and IL-6 reversibly caused a presynaptic inhibition of acetylcholine release from cholinergic nerve terminals. Both cytokines had no effect on the slow excitatory postsynaptic potentials. Therefore, we can conclude that the inflammatory mediators IL-1beta and IL-6 can act as excitatory neuromodulators of gastrointestinal motility through direct excitatory actions on a subset of myenteric neurones and through the presynaptic inhibition of acetylcholine release.