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Title: Expression of monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1, MCP-2, and MCP-3 by human airway smooth-muscle cells. Modulation by corticosteroids and T-helper 2 cytokines
Authors: Pype, J L ×
Dupont, Lieven
Menten, Patricia
Van Coillie, Els
Opdenakker, Ghislain
Van Damme, Jozef
Chung, K F
Demedts, M
Verleden, Geert #
Issue Date: Oct-1999
Publisher: Amer lung assoc
Series Title: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology vol:21 issue:4 pages:528-36
Abstract: We have demonstrated that, in addition to their contractile function, human airway smooth-muscle cells (HASMC) are able to express and to secrete chemokines of the monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)/ eotaxin subfamily. This group of chemokines is believed to play a fundamental role in the development of allergic airway diseases such as asthma. The expression levels of MCP (MCP-1, -2, and -3) messenger RNA (mRNA) were compared with those of regulated on activation, normal T cells expressed and secreted (RANTES) mRNA in HASMC in culture. HASMC express MCP and RANTES mRNA after stimulation with interleukin (IL)-1beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interferon-gamma. MCP mRNA was maximal at 8 h, whereas RANTES mRNA expression was delayed to 24 h after stimulation. Further, significant differences were observed in the induction patterns of MCP and RANTES mRNA expression after stimulation with the individual cytokines. Dexamethasone (DEX) significantly inhibited cytokine-induced accumulation of MCP and RANTES mRNA, in contrast to IL-4, IL-10, and IL-13, which had no inhibitory effect on cytokine-induced chemokine expression. The cytokine-induced MCP mRNA expression in HASMC was associated with MCP release, which was inhibited by DEX and post-translationally by IL-4. HASMC can actively participate in the pathogenesis of asthma by the expression and release of chemokines, which are likely to play a critical role in the generation and regulation of the inflammatory response characteristic of allergic airway diseases.
ISSN: 1044-1549
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Molecular Immunology (Rega Institute)
Laboratory of Immunobiology (Rega Institute)
Academic Center for General Practice
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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