Title: Contractile properties of intercostal muscles and their functional significance
Authors: Farkas, G A ×
Decramer, Marc
Rochester, D F
De Troyer, A #
Issue Date: Oct-1985
Series Title: Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) vol:59 issue:2 pages:528-35
Abstract: To have some insight into the functional coupling between the parasternal intercostals (PS) and the diaphragm (DPM), we have examined the isometric contractile properties of bundles from canine PS and DPM muscles. Bundles of external (EXT) and internal (INT) interosseous intercostals were studied for comparison. In addition we have related sonometrically measured length of the intercostals in vivo at supine functional residual capacity (FRC) to in vitro optimal force-producing length (Lo). We found that 1) intercostal twitch speed is significantly faster than DPM, thus displacing their relative force-frequency curve to the right of that of the DPM; 2) the ascending limb of the active length-tension curve of all intercostals lies below the DPM curve; i.e., at 85% Lo, PS force is 46% of maximal force (Po), whereas DPM force is still 87% Po; 3) for any given length change beyond Lo, all intercostals generate greater passive tension than the DPM; 4) Po is greater for the intercostals than the DPM; and 5) at supine FRC, both EXT and INT in dogs are nearly operating at Lo, whereas the PS are operating at a length greater than Lo. We conclude that 1) PS produce less force than DPM during breathing efforts involving low- (10-20 Hz) stimulation frequencies, but they generate more force than DPM when high- (greater than 50 Hz) stimulation frequencies are required; and 2) the pressure-generating ability of the PS is better preserved than that of the DPM with increases in lung volume.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
ISSN: 8750-7587
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Pneumology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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