Title: Induction of a refractory state to viral infection in mammalian cells by a plant inhibitor isolated from leaves of Melia azedarach L
Authors: Andrei, Graciela ×
Damonte, E B
de Torres, R A
Coto, C E #
Issue Date: Jul-1988
Series Title: Antiviral research vol:9 issue:4 pages:221-31
Abstract: A partially purified plant inhibitor (Meliacin) isolated from Melia azedarach L induced in cells a refractory state to virus infection. Meliacin was active in a large variety of continuous and/or primary cell cultures. A state of maximum virus resistance was achieved after 2 h of incubation and was maintained for at least 15 h; later on it declined but it was fully regained after a second pulse of Meliacin. Interferon was not detected in the supernatant of cells treated with Meliacin and a measurable increase in ds-RNA dependent protein kinase activity was not observed in extracts of Meliacin-treated cells. The antiviral state was not transferred by either extracellular fluid or direct cell-to-cell contact. An active cell metabolism was required for Meliacin action, which was partially reversed in the presence of actinomycin D. It appears that Meliacin is not an interferon-like substance, which induces an antiviral state based on a still unexplained mechanism.
ISSN: 0166-3542
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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