Neurogastroenterology and motility vol:19 issue:3 pages:211-217
Obestatin has recently been discovered in the rat stomach. It is encoded by the ghrelin gene and has been claimed to be a functional opponent of ghrelin and to be the natural ligand of the GPR39 receptor. The latter could not be confirmed by Holst et al. (Endocrinology, 2006). Yet, in GPR39 knockout mice, gastric emptying is accelerated. We verified the effects of obestatin on gastric emptying and intestinal contractility in rodents. Gastric emptying was measured with the C-14 octanoic breath test in mice. In vitro, the effect of obestatin was studied on electrically stimulated and non-stimulated strips from the fundus and small intestine of mice and rats. Obestatin (60, 125, 250 nmol kg(-1)) did not affect gastric emptying parameters (T-half and T-lag) and did not inhibit the prokinetic effects of ghrelin. Mouse and rat intestinal and fundic smooth muscle strips did not respond to obestatin either in the absence or in the presence of electrical field stimulation. Obestatin (125 nmol kg(-1)) did not inhibit fasting-induced hyperphagia. Our results suggest that peripheral obestatin is not a satiety signal that plays a role in the regulation of gastric emptying and do not support the concept that obestatin is a physiological opponent of ghrelin.