Journal of Applied Physiology vol:67 issue:2 pages:694-698
In eight healthy volunteers we simultaneously measured the axial diaphragmatic motion by fluoroscopy and the cross-sectional area changes of the rib cage (RC) and abdomen (ABD) by Respitrace (RIP) during semistatic vital capacities (VC). We found that, if the fluoroscopic axial displacement of the posterior part of the diaphragm between residual volume (RV) and total lung capacity (TLC) is considered equal to 100%, the movement of the middle part is 90%, whereas that of the anterior part is only approximately 60%; the ratio of the axial displacements to mouth volume, furthermore, decreases at high lung volumes, especially for the anterior part. The RIP signal is nearly linearly related to mouth volume, but the contribution of the RC (delta RC) progressively increases (and is approximately 80% RIP at TLC), whereas the volume contribution of the ABD (delta ABD) levels off (to 20% RIP at TLC). The diaphragmatic volume displacement calculated from the theoretical analysis described by Mead and Loring also levels off at high volumes similarly as the ABD but is approximately 50% RIP at TLC. Finally, the axial movements of the three parts of the diaphragm are linearly related to the RC and ABD cross-sectional-area changes (r 0.91-0.97) and are even significantly better correlated with the "calculated" diaphragmatic volume displacement.