Title: Improved diagnosis of gastro-oesophageal reflux in patients with unexplained chronic cough
Authors: Blondeau, Kathleen ×
Dupont, L J
Mertens, Veerle
Tack, Jan
Sifrim, Daniel #
Issue Date: Mar-2007
Series Title: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics vol:25 issue:6 pages:723-32
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Symptoms, oesophageal pHmetry and proton pump inhibitor treatment are used for diagnosing gastro-oesophageal reflux-related cough. Weakly acidic reflux is now increasingly associated with reflux symptoms such as regurgitation or chest pain. AIM: To study the association between weakly acidic reflux and cough in a selected, large group of patients with unexplained chronic cough. METHODS: A total of 100 patients with chronic cough (77 'off' and 23 'on' a proton pump inhibitor) were studied using impedance-pHmetry for reflux detection and manometry for objective cough monitoring. Symptom Association Probability (SAP) Analysis characterized the reflux-cough association. RESULTS: Acid reflux could be a potential mechanism for cough in 45 patients (with either heartburn, high acid exposure or +SAP for acid reflux). Weakly acidic reflux could be a potential mechanism for cough in 24 patients (with either increased oesophageal volume exposure, increased number of weakly acidic reflux or +SAP for weakly acidic reflux). Reflux could not be identified as a potential mechanism for cough in 31 patients. CONCLUSION: A positive association between cough and weakly acidic reflux was found in a significant subgroup of patients with unexplained chronic cough. Impedance-pH-manometry identified patients in whom cough can be related to reflux that would have been disregarded using the standard diagnostic criteria for acid reflux.
ISSN: 0269-2813
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Translational Research in GastroIntestinal Disorders
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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