Improved focal liver lesion detection: Comparison of single-shot spin-echo echo-planar and superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-enhanced MRI
Coenegrachts, Kenneth × Orlent, Hans ter Beek, Leon Haspeslagh, Marc Bipat, Sjandra Stoker, Jaap Rigauts, Hans #
Society for Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Journal of magnetic resonance imaging vol:27 issue:1 pages:117-124
PURPOSE: To prospectively compare single-shot spin-echo echo-planar imaging (SSSE-EPI) using b = 0, 10, 150, and 400 seconds/mm(2) with standard MRI techniques after intravenous super paramagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) in the detection and characterization of focal liver lesions with focus on small (<10 mm) focal liver lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 25 patients suspected for colorectal liver metastases were included. Number of detected lesions was evaluated. Image quality was compared between SSSE-EPI sequence and post-SPIO (fat-suppressed T1-weighted [T1w] gradient echo [GE], T2-weighted [T2w] turbo spin echo [TSE] and T2* GE) sequences using rank order statistic (RIDIT). Lesion characterization was performed for SSSE-EPI and for all remaining sequences pre- and post-SPIO. Reference standard comprised surgery, biopsy, and/or follow-up. RESULTS: Reference standard demonstrated 25 hemangiomas and 70 metastases. Best lesion detection respectively best image quality (P < 0.05) was achieved with SSSE-EPI (b = 10 seconds/mm(2)) post-SPIO T1w GE and T2w turbo spin echo. Lesion characterization using all sequences pre- and post-SPIO performed best for lesion characterization compared with SSSE-EPI. CONCLUSION: This preliminary study shows the potential of SSSE-EPI as a stand-alone sequence for the detection of liver hemangiomas and metastases when compared with SPIO-enhanced imaging. Sequences pre- and post-SPIO are needed for qualitative lesion characterization. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2007. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.