Title: Potentiation of antileukemic therapies by Smac mimetic, LBW242: effects on mutant FLT3-expressing cells
Authors: Weisberg, Ellen
Kung, Andrew L
Wright, Renee D
Moreno, Daisy
Catley, Laurie
Ray, Arghya
Zawel, Leigh
Tran, Mary
Cools, Jan
Gilliland, Gary
Mitsiades, Constantine
McMillin, Douglas W
Jiang, Jingrui
Hall-Meyers, Elizabeth
Griffin, James D # ×
Issue Date: Jul-2007
Series Title: Molecular cancer therapeutics vol:6 issue:7 pages:1951-1961
Abstract: Members of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family play a role in mediating apoptosis. Studies suggest that these proteins may be a viable target in leukemia because they have been found to be variably expressed in acute leukemias and are associated with chemosensitivity, chemoresistance, disease progression, remission, and patient survival. Another promising therapeutic target, FLT3, is mutated in about one third of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients; promising results have recently been achieved in clinical trials investigating the effects of the protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor PKC412 on AML patients harboring mutations in the FLT3 protein. Of growing concern, however, is the development of drug resistance resulting from the emergence of point mutations in targeted tyrosine kinases used for treatment of acute leukemia patients. One approach to overriding resistance is to combine structurally unrelated inhibitors and/or inhibitors of different signaling pathways. The proapoptotic IAP inhibitor, LBW242, was shown in proliferation studies done in vitro to enhance the killing of PKC412-sensitive and PKC412-resistant cell lines expressing mutant FLT3 when combined with either PKC412 or standard cytotoxic agents (doxorubicin and Ara-c). In addition, in an in vivo imaging assay using bioluminescence as a measure of tumor burden, a total of 12 male NCr-nude mice were treated for 10 days with p.o. administration of vehicle, LBW242 (50 mg/kg/day), PKC412 (40 mg/kg/day), or a combination of LBW242 and PKC412; the lowest tumor burden was observed in the drug combination group. Finally, the combination of LBW242 and PKC412 was sufficient to override stromal-mediated viability signaling conferring resistance to PKC412.
ISSN: 1535-7163
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular Genetics Section (-)
Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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