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Title: Synaptic mitochondria are critical for mobilization of reserve pool vesicles at Drosophila neuromuscular junctions
Authors: Verstreken, Patrik
Ly, Cindy V
Venken, Koen J T
Koh, Tong-Wey
Zhou, Yi
Bellen, Hugo J # ×
Issue Date: Aug-2005
Series Title: Neuron vol:47 issue:3 pages:365-78
Abstract: In a forward screen for genes affecting neurotransmission in Drosophila, we identified mutations in dynamin-related protein (drp1). DRP1 is required for proper cellular distribution of mitochondria, and in mutant neurons, mitochondria are largely absent from synapses, thus providing a genetic tool to assess the role of mitochondria at synapses. Although resting Ca2+ is elevated at drp1 NMJs, basal synaptic properties are barely affected. However, during intense stimulation, mutants fail to maintain normal neurotransmission. Surprisingly, FM1-43 labeling indicates normal exo- and endocytosis, but a specific inability to mobilize reserve pool vesicles, which is partially rescued by exogenous ATP. Using a variety of drugs, we provide evidence that reserve pool recruitment depends on mitochondrial ATP production downstream of PKA signaling and that mitochondrial ATP limits myosin-propelled mobilization of reserve pool vesicles. Our data suggest a specific role for mitochondria in regulating synaptic strength.
URI: 
ISSN: 0896-6273
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Molecular Genetics Section (-)
Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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