Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:267 issue:26 pages:18683-18688
Multiple isozymes of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) are expressed simultaneously in mammalian tissues. To identify and clone these PDEs, a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) strategy was developed using degenerate oligonucleotide primers designed to hybridize with highly conserved PDE DNA domains. Both known and novel PDEs were cloned from rat liver, the mouse K30a-3.3 lymphoma cell line, and a human hypothalamus cDNA library, demonstrating that these PCR primers can be used to amplify the cDNA of multiple PDE isozymes. One unique mouse PDE clone was found to encode a polypeptide identical with the corresponding portion of the bovine brain 63-kDa calmodulin-dependent PDE as reported in the companion article (Bentley, J. K., Kadlecek, A., Sherbert, C. H., Seger, D., Sonnenburg, W. K., Charbonneau, H., Novack, J. P., and Beavo, J. A. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 18676-18682). This mouse clone was used as a probe to screen a rat brain cDNA library for a full-length clone. The conceptual translation of the nucleotide sequence of the resulting rat clone has an open reading frame of 535 amino acids and maintains a high degree of homology with the bovine 63-kDa calmodulin-dependent PDE, indicating that this protein is likely to be the rat homolog of the 63-kDa calmodulin-dependent PDE. Expression of the full-length clone in Escherichia coli yielded a cGMP hydrolyzing activity that was stimulated severalfold by calmodulin. Northern blot analysis demonstrated that the mRNA encoding this PDE is highly expressed in rat brain and also in the S49.1 T-lymphocyte cell line. These data demonstrate that the PCR method described is a viable strategy to isolate cDNA clones of known and novel members of different families of PDE isozymes. Molecular cloning of these PDEs will provide valuable tools for investigating the roles of these isozymes in regulation of intracellular concentrations of the cyclic nucleotides.