Ventilation asymmetry after transplantation for emphysema: role of chest wall and mediastinum
De Groote, Anne × Van Muylem, Alain Scillia, Pietro Cheron, Guy Verleden, Geert Paiva, Manuel Estenne, Marc #
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine vol:170 issue:11 pages:1233-8
After single-lung transplantation for emphysema, the hyperinflated native lung and the graft have different extents and rates of inflation and emptying. This requires that breathing produces asymmetrical expansion of the chest wall, displacement of the mediastinum, or both. In a first study in four seated transplant recipients, we measured the volumes of the two hemithoraces with optoelectronic plethysmography. Functional residual capacity and total lung capacity were identical on the native and transplanted sides, and changes in chest wall volume during CO(2)-induced hyperpnea and FVC maneuvers were similar on both sides. Studies with computerized tomography in three of these patients and in four additional patients in supine posture indicated that the mediastinum was shifted toward the graft at functional residual capacity and total lung capacity. The mediastinum moved toward the native lung during tidal and full inspiration and toward the graft during tidal and forced expiration; additional studies with fluoroscopy showed qualitatively similar changes in upright posture. In summary, the two hemithoraces assume identical static volumes and show similar volume changes during CO(2)-induced hyperpnea and FVC maneuvers in patients with single-lung transplantation for emphysema; displacement of the mediastinum accommodates part, if not all, of the unequal lung volumes and asymmetrical ventilation.