IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery vol:20 issue:2 pages:1174-1181
In contrast to most other power-quality phenomena, it requires several years of measurements to obtain a good insight of the voltage sag problems at a given grid connection point. In some countries, sag measurements at high- or medium-voltage level of several years are available. This paper analyzes how to calculate the sag characteristics at lower voltage levels if the sags measured at higher voltage levels are only characterized as the largest value of the voltage drop in each phase. Whether these values are based on phase-to-phase or phase-to-neutral voltages turns out to be an important parameter and is therefore analyzed in detail. Based on this analysis, this paper gives guidelines on how new sag meters should preferably be connected (measuring phase-to-phase or phase-to-neutral voltages).