American Institute of Physics for the Acoustical Society of America
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America vol:122 issue:5 pages:2826-2831
The interaural level difference (ILD) is an important cue for the localization of sound sources. Just noticeable differences (JND) in ILD were measured in 12 normal hearing subjects for uncorrelated noise bands with a bandwidth of 13 octave and a different center frequency in both ears. In one ear the center frequency was either 250, 500, 1000, or 4000 Hz. In the other ear, a frequency shift of 0, 16, 13, or 1 octave was introduced. JNDs in ILD for unshifted, uncorrelated noise bands of 13 octave width were 2.6, 2.6, 2.5, and 1.4 dB for 250, 500, 1000, and 4000 Hz, respectively. Averaged over all shifts, JNDs decreased significantly with increasing frequency. For the shifted conditions, JNDs increased significantly with increasing shift. Performance on average worsened by 0.5, 0.9, and 1.5 dB for shifts of 16, 13, and 1 octave. Though performance decreases, the just noticeable ILDs for the shifted conditions were still in a range usable for lateralization. This has implications for signal processing algorithms for bilateral bimodal hearing instruments and the fitting of bilateral cochlear implants.